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The 3XMM-DR5 catalogue contains source detections drawn from 7781 XMM-Newton EPIC observations, covering an energy interval from 0.2 keV to 12 keV. These observations were made between 2000 February 3 and 2013 December 20 and all datasets were publicly available by 2013 December 31, but not all public observations are included in this catalogue (see below for more information). Most importantly, 3XMM-DR5 corrects minor issues that exist in earlier catalogue versions.

Should you use the catalogue for your research and publish the results, please use the acknowledgement below and cite the paper describing 3XMM (Rosen, Webb, Watson et al., 2016, A&A, 590, 1).

This research has made use of data obtained from the 3XMM XMM-Newton serendipitous source catalogue compiled by the 10 institutes of the XMM-Newton Survey Science Centre selected by ESA.

As well as the fits and csv formats of the catalogue distributed below, the following Web-based user interfaces will allow filtering and searching of the catalogue (and give access to all or selected associated data products):

The SSC Catalogue Home Page (this page), XSA, and HEASARC allow download of the catalogue file in (binary) FITS. Summary pages and products will be available shortly through LEDAS, but are already available in the IRAP catalogue server.

Please note, revised source lists with respect to those generated by the pipeline (PPS) and distributed by the XSA, have been used to produce 3XMM-DR5. This was done to correct for the erroneous errors in 3XMM-DR4. These revised source lists are not distributed by the XSA, but they can be found here. The cross-correlation products of potential counterparts at other wavelengths for 3XMM-DR5 are provided through the XCAT-DB and the IRAP catalogue server.

The following table gives an overview of the statistics of the catalogue in comparison with the 3XMM-DR4 catalogue.

  3XMM-DR5 3XMM-DR4 Increment
Number of observations 7781 7427 354
Number of 'clean' observations (i.e., observation class < 3) 4735 4553 182
Observing interval 03-Feb-00 -- 20-Dec-13 03-Feb-00 -- 08-Dec-12 1 year
Sky coverage, taking overlaps into account ( ≥  1ksec exposure) 877 sq.deg 794 sq.deg 83 sq.deg
Number of detections 565962 531261 34701
Number of 'clean' detections (i.e., summary flag < 3) 456904 432321 24673
Number of unique sources 396910 372728 24182
Number of 'cleanest' (summary flag = 0, not in high-background fields) extended detections 9082 7698 1384
Number of detections with spectra 133032 123867 9165
Number of detections with timeseries 133025 123860 9165
Number of detections where probability of timeseries being constant is  <  1  × 10-5 4668 4612 56

The median flux in the total photon energy band (0.2 - 12 keV) of the catalogue detections is ~ 2.4 × 10-14 erg cm-2 s-1; in the soft energy band (0.2 - 2 keV) the median flux is ~ 5.7 × 10-15, and in the hard band (2 - 12 keV) it is ~ 1.3 × 10-14. About 20% of the sources have total fluxes below 1 × 10-14 erg cm-2 s-1.

About a third of the observations have features that may cause spurious detections (mainly the wings of bright sources and large extended emission), and it is strongly recommended to use a filter (either per source, based on the summary flag column, or per observation, based on the observation class column).


The 3XMM-DR5 catalogue, released on 2015 April 28th, is available in several formats:

Please read the Watchouts section before using the catalogues.

3XMM_DR5cat_v1.0.fits.gz FITS binary 468 MB MD5: a6b2288dadae4af80a87adfced9beeed full binary catalogue; recommended for more in-depth studies (includes information of all detections)
3XMM_DR5cat_v1.0.csv.gz CSV 510 MB MD5: e2f2140a2c8f61465d0a35e77e7519ca full ascii catalogue
3XMM_DR5cat_slim_v1.0.fits.gz FITS binary 51 MB MD5: 95b412d8ff9d3fec6d30d719907dd973 reduced binary catalogue, suited for studies of unique sources (individual detection information is not included)
3XMM_DR5cat_slim_v1.0.csv.gz CSV 57 MB MD5: 0b3376af2abf08e226a62c224e3eef1d reduced ascii catalogue

For convenience, there are suitable SQL CREATE statements available for use with a relational DBMS in order to load the data in CSV format:

The CSV file has nulls represented by two successive commas, compatible with Postgres and (probably) other DBMS.

The slimline version of the catalogue contains one row per unique source (while the the main catalogue has one row per detection) and thus has 396910 rows. There are 44 columns, essentially those containing information about the unique sources. The catalogue also contains a column with links to the LEDAS summary pages. In the case of sources with multiple detections the summary page of the best detection is selected (i.e., the detection with the largest exposure time, summed over all cameras), and the summary page gives cross-links to the other detections.

A separate file is also provided (table below) which contains key details about the observations used in the construction of the 3XMM-DR4 catalogue. See the list of observations for a description of the columns in the file.

3xmmdr5_obslist.fits FITS binary 0.8 MB MD5: 7bcbfc2878be452a2d0d4d43bc1c8830 Summary table of observations used in the catalogue


The User Guide for the 3XMM-DR5 catalogue contains details of the catalogue production process and content. Here are quick links to


1) Please use SRCID and DETID columns only for the source and detection identification as these are the only columns that will persist in future versions of the catalogue, see the user guide, section 3.4. The usage of IAUNAME is not recommended as its uniqueness is not enforced over the set of unique sources.

2) It has been established that the ODFs of a subset of the mosaic-mode observations have been incorrectly split in to sub-pointings. Where the considerable overlaps in the time series are present, these observations have been removed from the catalogue. A further ten parent cases (involving 26 sub-pointings, of which 19, involving 975 detections) are in the 3XMM-DR5 catalogue. Some of these sub-pointings are affected by this bug, but only MOS1 and/or MOS2 data are impacted. The cause appears to be related to incorrect time-tagging of events due to telemetry gaps, which the splitting process handled incorrectly.

The 18 mosaic-mode parent problem-case observations that have been removed from the catalogue (encompassing 89 sub-pointings) are listed here. Two comma-separated-variable format files, one for the cases where all data are affected and one for cases where some data are affected, are provided which contain the DETID, OBS_ID, RA, DEC and INSTRUMENT(s) affected for detections from the relevant problematic sub-pointings.

For those cases where only some of the data are affected, the SOC believe that only timeseries data/products are affected and only for the MOS1 and/or MOS2 instruments.

Nomenclature and Citation

With the new 3XMM catalogue, IAU name nomenclature includes the designator, 3XMM. The IAU name is provided in the catalogue. The correct, full nomenclature for a specific detection from the catalogues is the IAU name, followed by a colon and the detection identification number, that is:"3XMM Jhhmmss.sSddmmss:detid".


The production of the 3XMM-DR5 catalogue is a collaborative project involving the whole XMM-Newton SSC Consortium:

The SSC team are grateful to the XMM-Newton SOC for their support in the catalogue production activities.

The SSC acknowledges the use of the TOPCAT and STILTS software packages (written by Mark Taylor, University of Bristol) in the production and testing of the 3XMM-DR4 catalogue.